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Submitting to MEDICA

Who is an author?

For the purposes of copyright law, an author is anyone who creates original expression, like a book, journal article, computer software, artwork, etc. The creator of the expression is the Author and holds the copyright from the moment of creation. 

As the Author of a work you are the copyright holder unless you transfer the copyright to someone else in a signed agreement.

For more information, read Copyright and Authors' Rights: A Briefing Paper or MUSC LIbrary's presentation on Copyright. See below for at-a-glance information.

Author's Rights

Copyright is the exclusive rights of the creator or copyright holder:


To Reproduce

The right to make copies of a protected work (e.g. as photocopies or online)


To Distribute

The right to sell or distribute copies of the work to the public


Prepare Derivative Works or Adaptations

The right to create adaptations (called derivative works), meaning the right to prepare new works based on the protected work


Display or Perform the Work Publicly

The rights to perform a protected work or to display a work in public


Authorize Others to Exercise Any of These Rights

This allows the copyright owner to be flexible if wanting commercial gain from the underlying work; the owner may sell or license any of the rights. If doing so, authors are typically asked to sign legally binding contracts such as a publication agreement or a copyright transfer agreement, which usually transfers ownership of copyright to the publisher. 


(By transferring your rights to a publisher, you will lose some or all of the above rights.)


Scholars who sign away all rights still can utilize their work under the "fair use" provisions in copyright law, just like any other user.

Managing Rights

As an author, you are the copyright holder unless you transfer the copyright to someone else in a signed agreement. You do not have to transfer all your rights! If you do so, you will have to request permission to:

  • Place your own articles on a personal website
  • Use in a course pack,
  • Deposit in an institutional repository
  • Give copies to your class
  • Even include sections in later works

The law allows you to transfer copyright while holding back rights. You can unbundle the rights within the copyright bundle and transfer some of them to publishers. So, if the publisher's agreement does not give you the rights that you want, suggest changes by using the below addendums

Traditionally, authors have transferred the copyrights of their work to publishers to get their work in the printed literature. The SPARC Author Addendum is a legal instrument that modifies the publisher's agreement and allows you to keep key rights to your articles.