On this page, you'll learn:
what primary sources are and what they look like in different disciplines
where to find primary sources
how to use primary sources
additional tips to help you identify whether a source is primary
Also, Do not confuse EVIDENCE with the type of source. Primary and secondary sources are evidence.
A primary source in science is a document or record that reports on a study, experiment, trial, or research project. Primary sources are usually written (or Oral) by the person(s) who did the research, conducted the study, or ran the experiment, and include hypothesis, methodology, and results.
Primary sources often look different depending on your discipline.
******* Systematic Reviews are both the highest level of evidence and can be both primary and secondary sources due to the authors creating new understanding by reviewing previous research.
|In STEM & Other Medical fields||Nursing|
Articles describing the research design
Findings of original studies:
Remember: any source can be a primary source, depending on your research question/topic.
To find primary sources, you can:
When your professor asks you to use primary sources in your writing, you are being asked to quote, paraphrase, and incorporate them in the following ways:
1) A source which may be secondary or tertiary in another context (like an encyclopedia) could be used as a primary source, depending on the research topic. Take this book:
2) Primary sources can be scholarly/peer-reviewed… or not.